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ARTICLE NAME:   Correlates of Women's Labor Force Supply in Pakistan AUTHOR:  ABDUL GHAFOOR AWAN VOLUME:   5 ISSUE:   1 YEAR:  ...

ARTICLE NAME:  Correlates of Women's Labor Force Supply in Pakistan

AUTHOR: ABDUL GHAFOOR AWAN

VOLUME: 5

ISSUE: 1

YEAR: 2016

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ABSTRACT

This study has analyzed correlation among those variables that affect women
working hours in labor market in Pakistan. We used primary data that was
collected from the rural and urban areas of District Multan. A sample of 300
women having eight years education was taken randomly and formal
questionnaire was constructed for this purpose. Ordinary Least Square method
was applied for estimation of parameters. The results of our empirical study
show that various variables have expected signs in analysis. We found that joint
family setup, family expenditures, number of dependent, working days and
wage rate impact positively and significantly to the working hours of women. In
contrast, number of children, nuclear family size, etcare inversely related to the
women working hours. Therefore, we suggest that there should be provision of
better education for women to improve their working hours and participation
rate in labor market.
Key Words: Labour Market, working hours, women participation, family size

ARTICLE NAME:   Designing an ESP Course for Medical Representatives in Pakistan AUTHOR:  ABDUL GHAFOOR AWAN VOLUME:   6 ISSUE:   13 ...

Designing an ESP Course for Medical Representatives in Pakistan

ARTICLE NAME:  Designing an ESP Course for Medical Representatives in Pakistan

AUTHOR: ABDUL GHAFOOR AWAN

VOLUME: 6

ISSUE: 13

YEAR: 2016

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http://iiste.org/Journals/index.php/RHSS/article/view/31802/32674

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Abstract


The aim of this research paper is to investigate professional needs of English language for Medical Representatives in Pakistan. For the purpose of finding out English language needs for Medical Representatives, mixed method approach has been applied. Three groups of research population are selected for gathering data considering them main stakeholders of this professional discourse community. These population groups: medical representatives, professional trainers and Ex-medical representative. A questionnaire was developed to collect data from medical representatives and interviews were conducted to gather relevant information from professional trainers and Ex-medical representatives. Quantitative data were analyzed using SPSS (Version 17) and qualitative data were analyzed through thematic analysis identifying common themes from respondents’ responses. The findings of this research paper indicate that proficiency in English language is a key factor for success in medical representatives’ profession. The study presents recommendations and directions to design ESP course for medical representatives in Pakistan.
Keywords: English for specific purposes (ESP), English for academic purposes (EAP), English for occupational purpose (EOP), needs analysis, course design.

ARTICLE NAME:  CALL: A RESOURCE IN IMPROVING PRONUNCIATION OF THE SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN KOT ADDU-PAKISTAN AUTHOR:  ABDUL GHAFOOR ...

CALL: A RESOURCE IN IMPROVING PRONUNCIATION OF THE SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN KOT ADDU-PAKISTAN

ARTICLE NAME:  CALL: A RESOURCE IN IMPROVING PRONUNCIATION OF THE SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN KOT ADDU-PAKISTAN

AUTHOR: ABDUL GHAFOOR AWAN

VOLUME: 28

ISSUE: 3

YEAR: 2016

ARTICLE DIRECT LINK:


http://sci-int.com/pdf/15975086131%201%20a%2090%202921-2927%20-Muhammad%20Tariq%20Ayub-Abdul%20Ghafoor%20Awan.pdf

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"> Sci.Int.(Lahore),28(3),2921-2927,2016 ISSN 1013-5316;CODEN: SINTE 8 2921
May-June
CALL: A RESOURCE IN IMPROVING PRONUNCIATION OF
THE SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN KOT ADDU-PAKISTAN.
Muhammad Tariq Ayuob*, Abdul Ghafoor Awan**, Bushra Manzoor***
*Government College of Science,Multan.tariqayoub2000@yahoo.com Cell # 0302-7533645.
** Faculty of Management and Social Sciences, Institute of Southern Punjab,
ghafoor70@yahoo.com/drabdulghafoorawan@gmail.com Cell #0313-6015051.
** Department of English, Institute of Southern Punjab,Multan. bushramanzoor848@gmail.com
Corresponding Author: Dr.Abdul Ghafoor Awan. Email:ghafoor70@yahoo.com. Cell # 0313-6015051.
ABSTRACT-English is the most widely spoken language in the world. That is why it is given more importance not only in the
whole world but also in Pakistan. Due to this importance, it is included as a compulsory subject from grade 1 to graduation
level. But the dilemma is that even it is compulsory subject, our students are not been able to use this language in their daily
routine life. Their spoken skill is poor and they can’t speak like the native speakers. Their pronunciation is not up to the mark.
Therefore, the aim of this experimental study is to improve the pronunciation of the secondary school students, so that they feel
confident and they will be able to use this language in their daily routine life and pronounce it correctly. For this purpose, 10
students of the secondary level were chosen from one of the prominent schools of Tehsil Kot Addu. For selection of these
students, a pre-test was conducted.. The objective of this test was to judge whether the students were able to pronounce the
words correctly. It was found during the test that the selected students could not pronounce words correctly. So some CALL
(computer Assisted Language Learning soft- wares were applied to improve their speaking skill. These included MyET,
Dramatized videos of the lesson and Encarta Word Dictionary. These techniques increase the interest of students in the study.
They felt motivated. After teaching with these soft wares, another post-test was conducted and it was found that now students
were able to pronounce words easily and correctly. Their pronunciation was improved significantly. The results suggest that
CALL methods should be used for teaching pronunciation at secondary school level to improve the pronunciation power of the
students. The policy implication of this study is that CALL methods may be introduced all secondary school levels so that the
students can utter English words or sentence in a correct way and face no problem in their practical life particularly when they
go abroad for higher studies.
Key Words: Computer Assisted Language Learning, My English Tutor, Computer Assisted Instructio
 
REFERENCES
[1]. Awan, Abdul Ghafoor & Muhammad Yahya.Critical
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Science International(Special issue), Vol 28 (2): 2047-
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[2].Levy. Computer Assisted Language Learning.New
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[3].Hubbard. Elements of CALL Methodology:
Development, evaluation and
Implementation.Pennington (Ed), the power of CALL
Hong Kong Athelstan Publications, pp. 15_32, 1996.
[4].Nagata, N. Intelligent computer feedback for
secondlanguage instruction.The Modern Language
Journal, 77, 330-339, 1993.
[4].Albertson, Kathleen. Teaching pronunciation with visual
feedback.NALLD Journal, 17.18- 33, 1982, 1982.
[5]. Molholt, Garry, Linda Lane, Joyce Tanner, & Laurie
Fischer. “Computer graphics in the language lab.
Technological Horizons in Education Journal, 15.6, 74-
78, 1988.
[6].Pennington, M. Using the Visi-Pitch to illustrate and
validate findings in second language research.
Presentation at the 1988 TESOL Convention, 1988.
[7].Chun, Dorothy M. Teaching tone and intonation with
microcomputers.CALICO Journal 7:21,46, 1989.
[8]. Perdreau, Connie, & Carrie L. Hessney.Pronunciation
improvement through visualfeedback. Presentation at
the 1990 TESOL Convention, 1990.
[9]. Kenning, M. M., & Kenning, M. J. (1990). Computers
and language learning: Current theory and practice.
London: Ellis Horwood.
[10].Ng, K. L. E., & Olivier, W. Computer-assisted
language learning: An investigation on some design and
implementation issues.System,15(1), 1-17, 1987.
[11] Hua, Tsai. 2006. “Bridging pedagogy and technology:
User evaluation of pronunciation- oriented CALL
software”. AJET 22:375- 397,2006.
[12].Kaplan, Jonathan, Sabol, Mark, Wisher, Robert &
Seidel, Robert. “The military language tutor (MILT)
program: An advanced authoring system”. Computer
Assisted Language, 1998.
[13].Kim, In-Seok. (2006). “Automatic speech recognition:
Reliability and pedagogical mplications for teaching
pronunciation”. Educational Technology & Society
9:322- 334.2006.
[14].Lee, Lina. “Using Internet to enhance foreign language
teaching and learning”. Retrieved May 13, 2000.
[15].Awan,Abdul Ghafoor & Fahad-ul-Haq.Impact of
Management Information System on the Performance
of the Organization (Profitability, Innovation and
Growth). Journal of Poverty, Investment and
Development, Vol. 21: 1-8, 2016.
[16].Awan,Abdul Ghafoor & Dhamina Kausar. Impact of
Educated Mother on Academic Achievement of her
Children: A case Study of strict Lodhran-Pakistan
Journal of Literature, Languages and Linguistics,
Vo.12:57-65, 2015

ARTICLE NAME:  RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS AND GREEN MARKETING AUTHOR:  ABDUL GHAFOOR AWAN VOLUME:   28 ISSUE: 3 ...

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS AND GREEN MARKETING

ARTICLE NAME:  RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS AND GREEN MARKETING

AUTHOR: ABDUL GHAFOOR AWAN

VOLUME: 28

ISSUE: 3

YEAR: 2016

ARTICLE DIRECT LINK:


http://sci-int.com/pdf/14806296271%201%20a%2090%202959-2963%20Abdul%20Ghafoor%20++++Awan,%20Sammar%20Wamiq.pdf

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ne"> ABSTRACT-Green Marketing is growing all over the world because people are becoming more sensitive to environmental
concerns due to spreading of complex diseases like cancer, hepatitis, etc. The objective of this research paper is to find out
relationship between environmental awareness and green marketing. The focus of the study is to measure state of awareness
among Pakistani consumers about green products, services, and green marketing. In order to measure the level of awareness
about environmental concern we developed a questionnaire having two parts; first relates to environmental awareness and
second to green concern. We have taken a sample of 270 consumers and collected primary data through online survey to save
time, money, and efforts. We used ‘Likert scale’ to measure the attitude of respondents about environmental awareness and
green marketing. The empirical evidence of our study shows that there is significant relationship between environmental
awareness and green marketing. Our finding shows that there is lack of awareness among lower income Pakistani consumers
about green products, services, and green marketing. We suggest if level of awareness about green marketing is increased
through electronic and social media, there will be huge potential for green marketing in Pakistan.
Keywords: Environmental Awareness, Green Marketing, Green Products, Green Consumers, Eco-friendly Products,
Environmental Friendly Products


kit-text-stroke-width: 0px; ">REFERENCES
[1].Awan, Abdul Ghafoor. “Relationship between
Environment and Sustainable Economic
Development: A Theoretical approach to Environmental
Problems, International Journal of Asian Social
Sciences, Vol 3 (1):741-761, 2013.
[2].Awan, Abdul Ghafoor & Muhammad Shahid.Impact of
Green Marketing on purchasing behavior of educated
customers: A case study of Multan Region-Pakistan”
Journal of Global Economics, Management and
Business Research, Vol.4 (2): 95 101, 2015
[3]. Ginsberg, J.M. and Bloom, P.N (2004), “Choosing the
right Green-Marketing Strategy” MIT slogan review,
2004.
[4].Suki, N.M. (2013), “Green awareness on Consumer’s
Purchasing Decision” Penerbit USM, pp. 49-62, 2013.
[5].Cohen, M. “Environmental Information versus
Environment Attitudes” Journal of Environmental
Education, pp. 3-8,1973
[6].Yazdanifard, R. “The Concept of GreenProduct
Development on Consumer Buying Approach” Global
Journal of Commerce and Management Perspective, pp.
33-39, 2014.
[7]. Carlson, Z. “Green Advertising and the Reactant
Consumer” Journal of Advertising, 1995.
[8]. Cronin, J.S. “Green Marketing Strategies: An
Examination of Stakeholder and the opportunities they
present” Journal of Academy of Marketing Science, pp.
158-174, 2011
[9]. Wahid, E. “Investigation of Green Marketing Tools
Effect on Consumers Purchase Behaviour” Emerald
Business Strategy Series, 73- 83,2011.
[10].Dunlap, R., and Scarce, R. “Environmental Problems
and Protections”,Public Opinion quarterly, Vol, 55. pp,
651-672, 1991
[11].Yazdanifard, R. “The Concept of Green Product
Development on Consumer Buying Approach” Global
Journal of Commerce and Management Percepective,
pp. 33-39, 2014.
[12].Manjunath, G “Green Marketing and its Implementation
in Indian Business Organization” Asia Pacific Journal
Marketing and Management Review, Vol. 2, No. 7, pp.
75-86, 2013.
[13]. G.B.“Consumer Perception of the Environment impact
of any industrial service” Marketing Intelligence &
Planning, pp. 37- 48, 1993.
[14].Chan, E.S.W. “Gap Analysis of Green Hotel
Marketing” Emerald: International Journal of
Contemporary Hospitality Management, Vol. 25.(7):
1017-1048, 2013.
[15]. Murphy, P.E., Kangun, N., and Locander,
W.B.“Environmentally Concerned Consumers-Racial
Variations” Journal of Marketing, Vol. 42, pp. 61-66,
1978.
[16].Awan, Abdul Ghafoor.”Environmental Challenge to
South Asian CountriesAsian Acounting and Auditing
Advancement”, Vol 3 (1) 84-103, 2013

ARTICLE NAME:  State Versus Free Market Capitalism: A Comparative Analysis AUTHOR:  ABDUL GHAFOOR AWAN VOLUME: 6 ISSUE:     1 YE...

State Versus Free Market Capitalism: A Comparative Analysis

ARTICLE NAME:  State Versus Free Market Capitalism: A Comparative Analysis

AUTHOR: ABDUL GHAFOOR AWAN

VOLUME: 6

ISSUE:    1

YEAR: 2016

ARTICLE DIRECT LINK:


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Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development www.iiste.orgISSN 2222-1700 (Paper) ISSN 2222-2855 (Online)
Vol.6, No.1, 2015
166
State Versus Free Market Capitalism: A Comparative Analysis
Prof.Dr.Abdul Ghafoor Awan
Dean, Faculty of Management and Social Sciences, Institute of Southern Punjab- Pakistan.
ghafoor70@yahoo.com
Abstract
Capitalism has been dominating in the most part of the world and the countries have been adopted it due to its
so-called efficiency and wealth maximization through joint stock companies and corporation. But the experience
of last two centuries have highlighted fact that capitalism based on free market economy and no-government
intervention and profit-maximization has generated severe income inequality, social segmentations and
concentration of wealth in a few hands. These anomalies have made this system unattractive to some an extent
and some economists have expressed pessimistic views about its validity in future. They are supporting state
capitalism, which has been flourishing in different countries during last three decades.The objective of this paper
is to analyze the controversies about capitalism in the light of facts and examine the possibility of the success of
state capitalism. The author has used secondary data for the analysis and used descriptive techniques has been
used to draw the results because this study is qualitative in nature. For analysis we describe the characteristics
both economic systems and then compare them. The evidence shows that income inequality is increasing in
western countries and it has become a serious issue in these societies. In contrast, state capitalism is flourishing
particularly in East Asian economies and uplifting these economies and has posed a serious threat to free market
capitalism. In fact, is a paradigm shift in world economy.
Keywords: free Market capitalism, income inequality, state capitalism

REFERENCES:
 
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ARTICLE NAME:  Capital Structure, Corporate Governance, and Firm Performance in Pakistan AUTHOR:  ABDUL GHAFOOR AWAN VOLUME:   21 YE...

Capital Structure, Corporate Governance, and Firm Performance in Pakistan

ARTICLE NAME:  Capital Structure, Corporate Governance, and Firm Performance in Pakistan

AUTHOR: ABDUL GHAFOOR AWAN

VOLUME: 21

YEAR: 2016

ARTICLE DIRECT LINK:


http://iiste.org/Journals/index.php/JPID/article/download/28884/29647

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Journal of Poverty, Investment and Development
ISSN 2422-846X An International Peer-reviewed Journal
Vol.21, 2016
www.iiste.org
Capital Structure, Corporate Governance, and Firm Performance
in Pakistan
Prof. Dr. Abdul Ghafoor Awan
Dean, Faculty of Management & Social Sciences, Institute of Southern Punjab, Multan, Pakistan
Muhammad Ghazanfar Abbas
MS Scholar, Department of Business Administration, Institute of Southern Punjab, Multan, Pakistan
Abstract
During the last two decades regulators and policy makers all over the world have emphasized on developing strong
and effective corporate governance policies. It is agreed by the experts that a good corporate governance
mechanism is the one which facilitates the access of additional capital for corporations, boosts competitiveness,
develop financial markets and encourage economic activity. The objective of present study is to measure the effects
of selected variables such as firm profitability, firm value, size and leverage on the performance of 69 non-financial
sampling companies listed at Pakistan Stock Exchange. From our panel data FEM and REM analysis, it can be
easily concluded that major characteristics of corporate governance are determined by firm’s profitability and its
size. However, firm’s leverage and size have less effect on major attributes of corporate governance.

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Awan,Abdul Ghafoor & Sajid Amin (2014) “Determinants of Capital Structure”, European Journal of Accounting,
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Awan,Abdul Ghafoor & Shumaila Bashir (2016). “Determinants of capital structure of Textile Industry in Pakistan”
Industrial Engineering Letter 6 (1):56-64.
Awan,Abdul Ghafoor, Ahmad,Waqas, Pervez Shahid and Jahanzeb Hassan “(2014) “Impact of working capital
Management on Profitability of Cement sector in Pakistan+ International Journal of Business and
Management Review, 2(5):1-20
Azeem, M., R., Kouser, Hassan I, A., & Saba, I (2015) Paradoxical Role of Corporate Governance in Firm
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Bhagat, S., and Bolton, B. 2008. Corporate governance and firm performance. Journal of Corporate Finance, 14(3):
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22Journal of Poverty, Investment and Development
ISSN 2422-846X An International Peer-reviewed Journal
Vol.21, 2016
www.iiste.org
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ARTICLE NAME:  THE ROLE OF LEADERSHIP STYLE AS A MODERATOR IN THE  PERFORMANCE OF FIRM AUTHOR:  ABDUL GHAFOOR AWAN VOLUME:   28 ISS...

THE ROLE OF LEADERSHIP STYLE AS A MODERATOR IN THE PERFORMANCE OF FIRM

ARTICLE NAME:  THE ROLE OF LEADERSHIP STYLE AS A MODERATOR IN THE  PERFORMANCE OF FIRM

AUTHOR: ABDUL GHAFOOR AWAN

VOLUME: 28

ISSUE: 1

YEAR: 2016

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Sci.Int.(Lahore),28 (1),
609
-
615,
2016
ISSN 1013
-
5316; CODEN: SINTE 8
609
Jan.
-
Feb
THE ROLE OF
LEADERSHIP
STYLE AS A MODERATOR IN THE
PERFORMANCE OF FIRM
.
Imtiaz Bashir
1
, Abdul Ghafoor Awan
2
1
, Department of Commerce, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan.
imtiazzaitmi@yahoo.com
2
Faculty of Management and Social Sciences, Institute of S
outhern Punjab, Multan Pakistan.
ghafoor70@yahoo.com./drabdulghafoorawan@gmail.com Cell
# 03136015051.
ABSTRACT
-
The relationship
between Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) e
xercises and
performance
of firms has been
seriously analyzed and
mocked
in scholastics and legislative issues, yet the
relationship
with Internal Mechanism of the
organization
has so far
needed investigation
.
The objective of thi
s paper
is to investigate
whether CSR
is integral to inside
ecological, with the goal that a joint presentation of both systems produces a higher money related execution than the
utilization of one or none of the procedures. We examine if inner natural can create higher monetary ex
ecution by flagging
their ecological engagement through CSR. For this reason, we utilize board information of inner natural movement together
with a CSR variable and their impact on the performance of a firm. The curiosity of our work is the
corresponding
methodology with
which we analyze the impact of a joint method of inside system and CSR on monetary execution. In spite of
the fact that our outcomes bolster the perspective of key supplements for interior natural method, we can't reason that this
is
likew
ise valid for different sorts of CSR flagging ecological engagement.
Keywords:
corporate governance, CSR, leadership, environmental strategy, firm performance.
 
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